Package Plumber Router

Package Plumber Router

Details

Routers are the core request handler in plumber. A router is responsible for taking an incoming request, submitting it through the appropriate filters and eventually to a corresponding endpoint, if one is found.

See https://www.rplumber.io/articles/programmatic-usage.html for additional details on the methods available on this object.

See also

Super class

plumber::Hookable -> Plumber

Active bindings

endpoints

plumber router endpoints read-only

filters

plumber router filters read-only

mounts

plumber router mounts read-only

environment

plumber router environment read-only

routes

plumber router routes read-only

Methods

Public methods

Inherited methods

Method new()

Create a new Plumber router

See also plumb(), pr()

Usage

Plumber$new(file = NULL, filters = defaultPlumberFilters, envir)

Arguments

file

path to file to plumb

filters

a list of Plumber filters

envir

an environment to be used as the enclosure for the routers execution

Returns

A new Plumber router


Method run()

Start a server using plumber object.

See also: pr_run()

Usage

Plumber$run(
  host = "127.0.0.1",
  port = getOption("plumber.port", NULL),
  swagger = deprecated(),
  debug = deprecated(),
  swaggerCallback = deprecated()
)

Arguments

host

a string that is a valid IPv4 or IPv6 address that is owned by this server, which the application will listen on. "0.0.0.0" represents all IPv4 addresses and "::/0" represents all IPv6 addresses.

port

a number or integer that indicates the server port that should be listened on. Note that on most Unix-like systems including Linux and Mac OS X, port numbers smaller than 1025 require root privileges.This value does not need to be explicitly assigned. To explicitly set it, see options_plumber().

swagger

Deprecated. See $setDocs(docs) or $setApiSpec()

debug

Deprecated. See $setDebug()

swaggerCallback

Deprecated. See $setDocsCallback()


Method mount()

Mount a Plumber router

Plumber routers can be “nested” by mounting one into another using the mount() method. This allows you to compartmentalize your API by paths which is a great technique for decomposing large APIs into smaller files.

See also: pr_mount()

Usage

Plumber$mount(path, router)

Arguments

path

a character string. Where to mount router.

router

a Plumber router. Router to be mounted.

Examples

\dontrun{
root <- pr()

users <- Plumber$new("users.R")
root$mount("/users", users)

products <- Plumber$new("products.R")
root$mount("/products", products)
}


Method unmount()

Unmount a Plumber router

Usage

Plumber$unmount(path)

Arguments

path

a character string. Where to unmount router.


Method registerHook()

Register a hook

Plumber routers support the notion of "hooks" that can be registered to execute some code at a particular point in the lifecycle of a request. Plumber routers currently support four hooks:

  1. preroute(data, req, res)

  2. postroute(data, req, res, value)

  3. preserialize(data, req, res, value)

  4. postserialize(data, req, res, value)

In all of the above you have access to a disposable environment in the data parameter that is created as a temporary data store for each request. Hooks can store temporary data in these hooks that can be reused by other hooks processing this same request.

One feature when defining hooks in Plumber routers is the ability to modify the returned value. The convention for such hooks is: any function that accepts a parameter named value is expected to return the new value. This could be an unmodified version of the value that was passed in, or it could be a mutated value. But in either case, if your hook accepts a parameter named value, whatever your hook returns will be used as the new value for the response.

You can add hooks using the registerHook method, or you can add multiple hooks at once using the registerHooks method which takes a name list in which the names are the names of the hooks, and the values are the handlers themselves.

See also: pr_hook(), pr_hooks()

Usage

Plumber$registerHook(
  stage = c("preroute", "postroute", "preserialize", "postserialize", "exit"),
  handler
)

Arguments

stage

a character string. Point in the lifecycle of a request.

handler

a hook function.

Examples

\dontrun{
pr <- pr()
pr$registerHook("preroute", function(req){
  cat("Routing a request for", req$PATH_INFO, "...\n")
})
pr$registerHooks(list(
  preserialize=function(req, value){
    print("About to serialize this value:")
    print(value)

    # Must return the value since we took one in. Here we're not choosing
    # to mutate it, but we could.
    value
  },
  postserialize=function(res){
    print("We serialized the value as:")
    print(res$body)
  }
))

pr$handle("GET", "/", function(){ 123 })
}


Method handle()

Define endpoints

The “handler” functions that you define in these handle calls are identical to the code you would have defined in your plumber.R file if you were using annotations to define your API. The handle() method takes additional arguments that allow you to control nuanced behavior of the endpoint like which filter it might preempt or which serializer it should use.

See also: pr_handle(), pr_get(), pr_post(), pr_put(), pr_delete()

Usage

Plumber$handle(
  methods,
  path,
  handler,
  preempt,
  serializer,
  parsers,
  endpoint,
  ...
)

Arguments

methods

a character string. http method.

path

a character string. Api endpoints

handler

a handler function.

preempt

a preempt function.

serializer

a serializer function.

parsers

a named list of parsers.

endpoint

a PlumberEndpoint object.

...

additional arguments for PlumberEndpoint creation

Examples

\dontrun{
pr <- pr()
pr$handle("GET", "/", function(){
  "<html><h1>Programmatic Plumber!</h1></html>"
}, serializer=plumber::serializer_html())
}


Method removeHandle()

Remove endpoints

Usage

Plumber$removeHandle(methods, path, preempt = NULL)

Arguments

methods

a character string. http method.

path

a character string. Api endpoints

preempt

a preempt function.


Method print()

Print representation of plumber router.

Usage

Plumber$print(prefix = "", topLevel = TRUE, ...)

Arguments

prefix

a character string. Prefix to append to representation.

topLevel

a logical value. When method executed on top level router, set to TRUE.

...

additional arguments for recursive calls

Returns

A terminal friendly representation of a plumber router.


Method serve()

Serve a request

Usage

Plumber$serve(req, res)

Arguments

req

request object

res

response object


Method route()

Route a request

Usage

Plumber$route(req, res)

Arguments

req

request object

res

response object


Method call()

httpuv interface call function. (Required for httpuv)

Usage

Plumber$call(req)

Arguments

req

request object


Method onHeaders()

httpuv interface onHeaders function. (Required for httpuv)

Usage

Plumber$onHeaders(req)

Arguments

req

request object


Method onWSOpen()

httpuv interface onWSOpen function. (Required for httpuv)

Usage

Plumber$onWSOpen(ws)

Arguments

ws

WebSocket object


Method setSerializer()

Sets the default serializer of the router.

See also: pr_set_serializer()

Usage

Plumber$setSerializer(serializer)

Arguments

serializer

a serializer function

Examples

\dontrun{
pr <- pr()
pr$setSerializer(serializer_unboxed_json())
}


Method setParsers()

Sets the default parsers of the router. Initialized to c("json", "form", "text", "octet", "multi")

Usage

Plumber$setParsers(parsers)

Arguments

parsers

Can be one of:

  • A NULL value

  • A character vector of parser names

  • A named list() whose keys are parser names names and values are arguments to be applied with do.call()

  • A TRUE value, which will default to combining all parsers. This is great for seeing what is possible, but not great for security purposes

If the parser name "all" is found in any character value or list name, all remaining parsers will be added. When using a list, parser information already defined will maintain their existing argument values. All remaining parsers will use their default arguments.Example:
# provide a character string
parsers = "json"# provide a named list with no arguments
parsers = list(json = list())# provide a named list with arguments; include `rds`
parsers = list(json = list(simplifyVector = FALSE), rds = list())# default plumber parsers
parsers = c("json", "form", "text", "octet", "multi")


Method set404Handler()

Sets the handler that gets called if an incoming request can’t be served by any filter, endpoint, or sub-router.

See also: pr_set_404()

Usage

Plumber$set404Handler(fun)

Arguments

fun

a handler function.

Examples

\dontrun{
pr <- pr()
pr$set404Handler(function(req, res) {cat(req$PATH_INFO)})
}


Method setErrorHandler()

Sets the error handler which gets invoked if any filter or endpoint generates an error.

See also: pr_set_404()

Usage

Plumber$setErrorHandler(fun)

Arguments

fun

a handler function.

Examples

\dontrun{
pr <- pr()
pr$setErrorHandler(function(req, res, err) {
  message("Found error: ")
  str(err)
})
}


Method setDocs()

Set visual documentation to use for API

See also: pr_set_docs(), register_docs(), registered_docs()

Usage

Plumber$setDocs(docs = getOption("plumber.docs", TRUE), ...)

Arguments

docs

a character value or a logical value. See pr_set_docs() for examples. If using options_plumber(), the value must be set before initializing your Plumber router.

...

Other params to be passed to docs functions.


Method setDocsCallback()

Set a callback to notify where the API's visual documentation is located.

When set, it will be called with a character string corresponding to the API docs url. This allows RStudio to open swagger docs when a Plumber router pr_run() method is executed.

If using options_plumber(), the value must be set before initializing your Plumber router.

See also: pr_set_docs_callback()

Usage

Plumber$setDocsCallback(callback = getOption("plumber.docs.callback", NULL))

Arguments

callback

a callback function for taking action on the docs url. (Also accepts NULL values to disable the callback.)


Method setDebug()

Set debug value to include error messages

See also: $getDebug() and pr_set_debug()

Usage

Plumber$setDebug(debug = interactive())

Arguments

debug

TRUE provides more insight into your API errors.


Method getDebug()

Retrieve the debug value.

See also: $getDebug() and pr_set_debug()

Usage

Plumber$getDebug()


Method filter()

Add a filter to plumber router

See also: pr_filter()

Usage

Plumber$filter(name, expr, serializer)

Arguments

name

a character string. Name of filter

expr

an expr that resolve to a filter function or a filter function

serializer

a serializer function


Method setApiSpec()

Add a function to customize what is returned in $getApiSpec().

Note, the returned value will be sent through serializer_unboxed_json() which will turn all length 1 vectors into atomic values. To force a vector to serialize to an array of size 1, be sure to call as.list() on your value. list() objects are always serialized to an array value.

See also: pr_set_api_spec()

Usage

Plumber$setApiSpec(api = NULL)

Arguments

api

This can be

  • an OpenAPI Specification formatted list object

  • a function that accepts the OpenAPI Specification autogenerated by plumber and returns a OpenAPI Specification formatted list object.

The value returned will not be validated for OAS compatibility.


Method getApiSpec()

Retrieve openAPI file

Usage

Plumber$getApiSpec()


Method addEndpoint()

addEndpoint has been deprecated in v0.4.0 and will be removed in a coming release. Please use handle() instead.

Usage

Plumber$addEndpoint(
  verbs,
  path,
  expr,
  serializer,
  processors,
  preempt = NULL,
  params = NULL,
  comments
)

Arguments

verbs

verbs

path

path

expr

expr

serializer

serializer

processors

processors

preempt

preempt

params

params

comments

comments


Method addAssets()

addAssets has been deprecated in v0.4.0 and will be removed in a coming release. Please use mount and PlumberStatic$new() instead.

Usage

Plumber$addAssets(dir, path = "/public", options = list())

Arguments

dir

dir

path

path

options

options


Method addFilter()

$addFilter() has been deprecated in v0.4.0 and will be removed in a coming release. Please use $filter() instead.

Usage

Plumber$addFilter(name, expr, serializer, processors)

Arguments

name

name

expr

expr

serializer

serializer

processors

processors


Method addGlobalProcessor()

$addGlobalProcessor() has been deprecated in v0.4.0 and will be removed in a coming release. Please use $registerHook(s) instead.

Usage

Plumber$addGlobalProcessor(proc)

Arguments

proc

proc


Method openAPIFile()

Deprecated. Retrieve openAPI file

Usage

Plumber$openAPIFile()


Method swaggerFile()

Deprecated. Retrieve openAPI file

Usage

Plumber$swaggerFile()


Method clone()

The objects of this class are cloneable with this method.

Usage

Plumber$clone(deep = FALSE)

Arguments

deep

Whether to make a deep clone.

Examples

## ------------------------------------------------ ## Method `Plumber$mount` ## ------------------------------------------------ if (FALSE) { root <- pr() users <- Plumber$new("users.R") root$mount("/users", users) products <- Plumber$new("products.R") root$mount("/products", products) } ## ------------------------------------------------ ## Method `Plumber$registerHook` ## ------------------------------------------------ if (FALSE) { pr <- pr() pr$registerHook("preroute", function(req){ cat("Routing a request for", req$PATH_INFO, "...\n") }) pr$registerHooks(list( preserialize=function(req, value){ print("About to serialize this value:") print(value) # Must return the value since we took one in. Here we're not choosing # to mutate it, but we could. value }, postserialize=function(res){ print("We serialized the value as:") print(res$body) } )) pr$handle("GET", "/", function(){ 123 }) } ## ------------------------------------------------ ## Method `Plumber$handle` ## ------------------------------------------------ if (FALSE) { pr <- pr() pr$handle("GET", "/", function(){ "<html><h1>Programmatic Plumber!</h1></html>" }, serializer=plumber::serializer_html()) } ## ------------------------------------------------ ## Method `Plumber$setSerializer` ## ------------------------------------------------ if (FALSE) { pr <- pr() pr$setSerializer(serializer_unboxed_json()) } ## ------------------------------------------------ ## Method `Plumber$set404Handler` ## ------------------------------------------------ if (FALSE) { pr <- pr() pr$set404Handler(function(req, res) {cat(req$PATH_INFO)}) } ## ------------------------------------------------ ## Method `Plumber$setErrorHandler` ## ------------------------------------------------ if (FALSE) { pr <- pr() pr$setErrorHandler(function(req, res, err) { message("Found error: ") str(err) }) }